Sarkar Office Japan KK

Sarkar Office Japan KK

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Japan "One-Stop Solution" Since 1993
Branch office, KK, GK, Company Registration, Tax, Social Insurance, etc.
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KK vs GK

Kabushiki-Kaisha(KK) versus(vs) Godo-Kaisha(GK) - Comparison and differences.

Joint Stock Corporation versus (vs) Japanese Limited Liability Company(LLC). Registration, Incorporation, Formation, Setting-up and Opening Comparison and Difference between a Kabushiki-Kaisha (KK) and Godo-Kaisha (GK).

Some Basic Features of Kabushiki-Kaisha (KK) and Godo-Kaisha (GK)

Kabushiki-Kaisha(Joint-Stock Company): A Kabushiki Kaisha has commonly abbreviated as KK. The term "KK" is often referred to in English as "Joint-Stock Corporation." However, as a company name in English format, "KK" is used as "Co. Ltd.," "Corporation," and or "Incorporated." A "KK" company can be registered with a capital of 1(one) yen, and only one Investor/Promotor can register it as a "Shareholder and Director." A "KK" is Japan's most widely used and known type of company structure. Promoters/Shareholders and Executives/Directors can all be Non-Residents, and a Resident in Japan is not mandatory under the amendment in the Companies Act introduced in March 2015.

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Kabushiki Kaisha(KK) vs. Godo Kaisha(GK)

Godo-Kaisha (Limited Liability Company) (LLC): A Godo Kaisha, commonly abbreviated GK introduced in the Companies Act of Japan" in May 2006. GK is similar to the UK's Private Limited Company (Ltd) or the American Limited Liability Company (LLC). A Foreign Entrepreneur[Non-Resident] or a Corporation can register a GK in Japan without a "Resident in Japan" under the amendment in the Companies Act introduced in March 2015. Promoters/Investors in GK are called "Members", and, by default, all "Members" are "Representatives of the Company" unless Executive Manager has been appointed.

Kabushiki-Kaisha(KK) versus(vs) Godo-Kaisha(GK) Features

Features of Joint-Stock Corporation (Kabushiki-Kaisha) and Japanese Limited Liability Company[LLC] (Godo-Kaisha) At a Glance.

KK, GK Incorporation without Japan Resident

Features of Kabushiki-Kaisha (KK) and Godo-Kaisha (GK) At a Glance.

  • Capital:  1(one) yen or more. [Establishment with zero yen capital is theoretically possible but in practice to incorporate without paying capital is not possible.]
  • Investors/Promoters: 1(one) or more
  • Corporation as an Investor/Promoter: Possible
  • Liability of Investors/Promoters: Limited to amount of investment / equity participation.
  • Directors/Executive Officers: 1(one) or more (In case of a GK in principle, all Members(Promoters/Investors) are Executive Officers, but may be stipulated otherwise in “Articles of Association”)
  • Legally stipulated term of office of Directors/Executive Officers: In case of KK (with capital less than 500 million and without committee [Kabushiki Joto Seigen Kaisha]) 2 years in principle and extendable up to 10 years. In case of GK no legally stipulated term.
  • Transfer of Share/Equity: In the case of KK, it can be transferred freely in principle unless it is stipulated in "The Articles of Association" that it requires the board of directors' approval. In the case of a GK, members' (Promoters /Investors) unanimous consent is required.
  • Resident of Japan: A Foreign Entrepreneur(Non-Resident) or a Corporation can register a KK or GK in Japan without a "Resident in Japan" under the amendment in the Companies Act introduced in March 2015.
  • Registered Office: A local address in Japan is required. (physical address and not a P.O. Box)
  • Company Secretary: Not required 
  • Yearly Auditing of Accounts: Not mandatory 

Comparison between Japanese KK and GK

 

Kabushiki-Kaisha(KK)

(Kabushiki Joto Seigen Kaisha)

Joint-Stock Company

Godo-Kaisha(GK)

Japanese LLC

Limited Liability Company

Transfer of equity participation share

May be transferred freely in principle.

May be stipulated in articles of incorporation so that approval of Board of Directors is needed for transfer of shares.

Unanimous approval of equity participants (members) required

 

Number of Executives required

Appointment of 1(one) or more required.

Representative Director with right to execute business. If no Representative Director is appointed, executive officers each have the right of representation.

No legally stipulated minimum.

In principle, all Members(Promoters) are Executive Officers unless an Executive Manager is appointed. Executive Manager could be either an Individual or a Corporation. In the case of a Corporation must appoint an individual as "Functional Manager."

 

Legally stipulated Term of Office for Executives

2 years in principle.

Extendable up to 10 years

No legally stipulated term

Possibility of a Company to be a Director

Not possible

Possible. In the case of a Corporation must appoint an individual as "Functional Manager."

Director must be from Shareholder /Member

Not necessarily

In principle, all Members are Executive Officers, but may be stipulated otherwise in “Articles of Association”

Regular general meeting of shareholders / members

In principle, must be held every year

Not required

Possibility of public offer of stock

Possible

Not possible

Possibility of reorganization

A joint-stock corporation (KK) may be reorganized into a limited liability company (LLC) (GK).

A limited liability company (LLC) (GK) may be reorganized into a joint-stock corporation (KK)

Distribution of profits and losses

Allocated according to equity participation ratio

May be allocated at a different ratio from equity participation ratio if specified in Articles of Association

 

Time-frame for registration: For the procedure, please refer to the registration flowchart of Kabushiki-Kaisha (KK) and Godo-Kaisha (GK). Upon applying to Legal Affairs Bureau for registration, it takes about 2(two) weeks to obtain the registration certificate.

A Foreign Entrepreneur(Non-Resident) or a Corporation can register a Kabushiki-Kaisha [KK] or Godo-Kaisha [GK] in Japan without a "Resident in Japan" under the amendment in the Companies Act introduced in March 2015.

Japan Types of Companies(legal-entity) - Comparison At a Glance

For further information, please contact us by mail. Contact Sarkar Office Japan KK

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